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Commemorating the 25th anniversary of Anfal

Anfal day photos:

(click on a photo to enlarge)



On April 15th 2013, 182 Kurdish people stood in Trafalgar Square with supporters to mark Anfal Day, each one representing 1,000 Kurdish men, women and children who made up the 182,000 Kurds exterminated by Saddam Hussein’s regime from 1986 to 1989. The 2013 Memorial Day was especially poignant as it was the 25th anniversary of the notorious Al Anfal campaign.


Each of the 182 Kurdish people in Trafalgar Square held a red rose and stood in silence to commemorate their countrymen who died in the Anfal campaign. During Anfal, Saddam Hussein’s Ba’athist regime indiscriminately murdered and massacred Kurds by firing squad, aerial bombing, starvation, mass burials and chemical weapons. The largest of these operations took place on April 14th 1988, hence why the date was chosen to commemorate Anfal Day.


During the commemoration event, supporters all signed letters addressed to David Cameron calling on the Prime Minister and UK Government to follow up on Parliament’s recognition of the genocide by doing the same. Nadhim Zahawi MP, who attended the event in Trafalgar Square, expressed his support for the recognition of the genocide by the UK Government.


Kurdistan Regional Government High Representative to the UK,
Ms. Bayan Sami Abdul Rahman said:


“Whilst we mark Anfal Day with the memory of those 182,000 murdered Kurds, remembrance alone is not enough. These people deserve justice. The proof of genocide is plain to see in the mass graves being uncovered in Iraq, and the victims deserve international recognition. For this reason, we are calling on the Prime Minister and the UK Government, to follow in the UK Parliament’s lead and recognise the Kurdish genocide.  No one can undo the devastating suffering inflicted on the Kurdish people in the Anfal Campaign. We can however, formally recognise these events today for what they were: genocide. And in doing so, we can positively shape the future, sending a clear message to the world that genocide is recognised and will not be tolerated.”