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About the Genocide of Kurdish people in Iraq

Saddam referred to Kurdistan as ‘the Kurdish problem’. His solution was mass murder. He called it ‘Al Anfal’ meaning the ‘spoils of war’.
We call it genocide. Do you?


Hundreds of thousands of Kurdish men, women and children were murdered during a systematic attempt to exterminate the Kurdish population in Iraq from 1963 to the late 1980s. Only after Saddam Hussein was captured in 2003, were the first of hundreds of mass graves discovered, and the true scale of the horror revealed. Nine years later, forensic teams are still excavating the mass graves and identifying the bodies so they can at last be returned home to loved ones for burial.


In 1983, 8,000 men and boys of ‘battle age’ from the Kurdish Barzani tribe were rounded up on trucks and vanished. The bodies are now being discovered in mass graves. From then on, men and boys as young as 13 were targeted , driven far away from their homes in trucks and executed en masse. Many victims were tied together, made to stand on the lip of pre-dug graves and shot in the back so they would fall forward into them. Others were made to lie down in pairs, sardine-style, next to mounds of fresh corpses before being killed.  Some, who didn’t die from gun shots were then buried alive.


Thousands of women and children also vanished. Evidence now shows that they were taken to camps where they were executed or died from deprivation.


In the 1980s, the Kurdish population was also attacked with chemical weapons. During the most vicious assault, Saddam Hussein dropped bombs containing chemical weapons on the Kurdish city of Halabja gassing as many as 5,000 men, women and children to death indiscriminately and leaving tens of thousands of people injured. They died slowly, in unimaginable pain from chemical burns.


At the same time, towns and villages were razed to the ground. Homes, hospitals, businesses, and schools were destroyed. Kurdish people who managed to flee were stripped of their identity. Hundreds of thousands of innocent people perished, families were torn apart, many who survived still live with severe health problems. Even now some children are born with deformities and people in some areas of Kurdistan suffer unusually high rates of cancer..