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About Kurdistan

The Kurdistan Region is an autonomous region in federal Iraq that is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). But parts of Iraq-Kurdistan are currently outside of the KRG-administered area. The genocide took place across all of Kurdistan.


The Kurdistan Region borders Syria to the west, Iran to the east, and Turkey to the north, where fertile plains meet the Zagros mountains, and is traversed by the Tigris, Big Zab, and Little Zab rivers.


The people of Kurdistan are optimistic and forward-looking. Whilst they are investing in their future by building schools, hospitals, businesses and reforming their education system, they will  never forget the genocide that is part of their history and identity.


Population: There are almost 5million people living in the Kurdistan Region and about 7million Kurdish people in total in Iraq. Population figures in all of Iraq are approximate because a reliable census has not taken place for decades.

Capital city: Erbil 

Languages: mainly Kurdish; Turkmani, Arabic, Armenian, and Assyrian in some areas. 

Currency: Iraqi Dinar (IQD).


Ethnic and religious diversity: Most of the population of Kurdistan are Sunni Muslim Kurds but Kurdistan is also home to Turkmen, Caldo-Assyrians, Yezidis, Christians and other sects and religions. Kurdistan has become a safe-haven for Christians and others fleeing the violence in other parts of Iraq.


Trade and investment: Kurdistan's economy is booming with large scale infrastructure projects such as airports, roads, schools and hospitals being built across the region. Kurdistan is rich in oil and gas but the government does not wish to rely solely on energy resources and is trying to promote tourism, and agriculture to diversify its economy. Where 10 years ago Kurdish cities had little to offer in terms of leisure facilities to their citizens, today they have ice-rinks, bowling, restaurants, shopping malls, five-star hotels and theme parks.


Government: The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) is the democratically elected government of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq. 


The Region’s other main institutions are the Kurdistan Region Presidency and the Kurdistan Parliament. The current coalition government, led by Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani, took office in April 2012. The Kurdistani List coalition government includes several political parties and reflects the diversity of the Region’s people and minorities. 

For more information about the Kurdistan Region’s people, history, geography, language, economy and about travelling to Kurdistan, please see the main Kurdistan Regional Government website,